June Birthstone - Pearls & Moonstone

June Birthstone - Pearls & Moonstone

Clarity Blog

Did you Know...

Happy Birthday June Babies!  Pearls & Moonstones are your birthstone! 


Pearls of all kinds are probably my favorite because of the luster and variety of colors – so beautiful. 

Here are some interesting facts… Ready?  Lots of info here! 

Pearls, both natural & cultured, are formed when a mollusk produces a layer of nacre around some type of irritant inside its shell. In natural pearls, the irritant may be another organism from the water. In cultured pearls, a mother-of-pearl bead is inserted (by us) into the mollusk to start the process.

Cultured Pearls

White Edison Pearl Necklace & EarringsCultured pearls are grown in pearl farms. The mollusks are raised until they are old enough to accept the mother-of-pearl bead nucleus. Through a delicate surgical procedure, the technician implants the bead and then the mollusks are returned to the water and cared for while the pearl forms.  Not all produce a pearl and it can take up to sorting 10,000 pearls to make a 16” necklace.


Saltwater Pearls

Tahitian Pearl Bracelet
  • Akoya cultured pearls from Japanese & Chinese waters. They are typically 2mm – 10mm and colors are white or cream.
  • South Sea Pearls – the largest of all the pearls, range in size from 9mm – 20mm and can be white, cream or golden in color.
  • Tahitian Pearls (also called Black Pearls) are not just from Tahiti – they’re grown in several islands of French Polynesia, including Tahiti. They range in size from 8mm – 16mm and their beautiful colors range from gray, blue, green and even purple.

Freshwater Pearls

These pearls are grown in freshwater lakes, rivers mostly in China.  Many white pearls resemble akoya cultured pearls in shape and size, they can be produced in various shapes and in an array of pastel colors.

Edison Pearl Necklaces, Bracelet & Earrings

Edison Pearls

Edison pearls are new to the Pearl market and were introduced in 2014 after 12 years of pearl farming research to cultivate this new species of giant freshwater pearls in exotic colors. Edison pearls come in so many exquisite natural colors because the pearl mussels used for cultivation have undergone ten years of gene modification and development by researchers at the Zhejiang University.

Most freshwater pearls are nucleated with tissue, but Edison cultured pearls are nucleated with beads, like saltwater pearls, enabling them to have their virtually perfect round shape. The beads are implanted into the mussels, with a special technique - which is a highly guarded secret.

The mussels are then cultivated in a natural-flowing, mineral-rich aquatic environment for more than three years, which results in a spectrum of beautiful colors. Their colors range from off-white, pink, peach, plum, gold and lavender. 


June’s additional birthstone, moonstone, was named by the Roman natural historian Pliny, who wrote that moonstone’s shimmery appearance shifted with the phases of the moon.

Rainbow Moonstone & CZ Pendant Necklace & earrings

The most common moonstone comes from the mineral adularia, named for an early mining site near Mt. Adular in Switzerland that supplied this gemstone. This site also birthed the term adularescence, which refers to the stone’s milky glow, like moonlight floating on water.

Moonstone is composed of microscopic layers of feldspar that scatter light to cause this billowy effect of adularescence. Thinner layers produce a bluish sheen, and thicker layers look white. Moonstone gems come in a range of colors spanning yellow, gray, green, blue, peach, and pink, sometimes displaying a star or cat’s eye.

This beautiful gemstone’s weakness is its relatively low hardness of 6 on the Mohs scale, making it prone to stress cracking and cleaving. Care is required with moonstone jewelry like rings or bracelets; so, sometimes pendants and earrings are preferred for long term durability.

Care & Cleaning - Pearls

  • After wearing, wipe your pearls with a soft cloth. This will help prevent any buildup of oils or other substances that may have come in contact with your jewelry throughout the day.
  • Clean with a damp cloth only as needed. If your pearls are visibly stained, you can mix a solution of lukewarm water and mild dish soap, dip a soft cleaning cloth in it and wipe the pearls. If your pearls are strung with silk thread, do NOT submerge a pearl necklace in water, as it will weaken the silk thread.
  • Let them dry all the way before storing. This helps preserve the elasticity of the silk strand.
  • Never clean pearls with a steam or ultrasonic jewelry cleaner. Both of these methods are likely to damage the outer layer of the pearl.

Care & Cleaning - Moonstone

  • Warm soapy water is the only recommended substance for cleaning moonstones. Ultrasonic and steam cleaners are never recommended.
  • Store your moonstone jewelry in a soft pouch to avoid bumping & contact with other jewelry.

See All Pearls

See all Moonstone

Source: https://www.americangemsociety.org/

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